intestinal obstruction, usually obstruction of the small intestine (ileum). Paralytic or adynamic ileus is functional obstruction of the ileum due to loss of intestinal movement (peristalsis), which may be caused by abdominal surgery (see laparotomy), spinal injuries, deficiency of potassium in the blood (hypokalaemia), or peritonitis. Treatment consists of intravenous administration of fluid and nutrients and removal of excess stomach secretions by tube until peristalsis returns. If possible, the underlying condition is treated. Mechanical obstruction of the ileum may be caused by a gallstone entering the bowel through a fistula or widened bile duct (gallstone ileus); thickened meconium in newborn babies with cystic fibrosis (meconium ileus); or intestinal worms, usually the threadworm Enterobius vermicularis (verminous ileus).

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  • iléus — [ ileys ] n. m. • 1798; yleos XIVe; gr. eileos, de eilein « tordre » ♦ Méd. Obstruction, occlusion intestinale. ● iléus nom masculin (latin ileus, du grec eileos, de eileîn, rouler) Synonyme de occlusion intestinale. ● iléus (expressions) nom… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ILEUS — ILEUS, непроходимость кишечника; представляет такое состояние, при к ром на протяжении кишечника возникает препятствие для продвижения его содержимого. Предоставленный своему собственному течению, I. в зависимости от вида непроходимости ведет то… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • ileus — ILÉUS, ileusuri, s.n. (med.) Ocluziune intestinală. [pr.: le us] – Din fr. iléus. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  ILÉUS s. v. ocluziune intestinală. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime  iléus s …   Dicționar Român

  • ileus — (n.) painful intestinal condition, 1706, from L. ileus severe colic, from Gk. ileos colic, from eilein to turn, squeeze, from PIE *wel to turn, roll (see VULVA (Cf. vulva)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • ileus — ȉleus m DEFINICIJA pat. zapletaj crijeva s potpunim zatvorom, jakim bolovima, povraćanjem i potrebom brze liječničke intervencije ETIMOLOGIJA lat. ileus ← grč. eileós …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • ileus — [il′ē əs] n. [ModL < L ileus, ileos < Gr eileos, colic, altered (infl. by eilein, to twist) < eilyos < eilyein, to envelop, creep along < IE * wel , to turn, roll > WALK] an abnormal condition caused by paralysis or obstruction… …   English World dictionary

  • Ileus — Il e*us, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, fr. ? to roll up.] (Med.) A morbid condition due to intestinal obstruction. It is characterized by complete constipation, with griping pains in the abdomen, which is greatly distended, and in the later stages by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ilēus — (lat.), s. Kotbrechen und Darmverschluß …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ileus — Ilĕus, Kotbrechen, s. Miserere …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ileus — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 K56 Paralytischer Ileus und mechanischer Ileus ohne Hernie K56.0 Paralytischer Ileus K56.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ileus — ICD9|560.1, ICD9|560.31, ICD9|777.1, ICD9|777.4 ICDO = Caption = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = DiseasesDB = 6706 MeshID = D045823 Ileus is a disruption of the normal propulsive gastrointestinal motor activity from non… …   Wikipedia

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